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Nickel Ore Moisture Content

Nickel Ore Moisture Content

Carrying nickel ore: The world’s most dangerous cargo ...

2017-04-07  Nickel ore is a cargo that may liquefy if the Moisture Content (MC) exceeds the Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). The point at which the cargo can begin to act

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Nickel Ore The Marine Study

2019-02-21  Description Nickel ore varies in colour. There are several types of ore of variable particle size and moisture content. Some may contain clay-like ores. For concentrates, see NICKEL CONCENTRATE. Characteristics Angle of repose Bulk density (kg/m3) Stowage factor (m3/t) Not applicable 1,400 to 1,800 0.55 to 0.71 Size Class Group Various Not

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Real-time microwave moisture measurement of nickel ore in ...

measure moisture content for nickel ore. There was a . research [7] that compared near i nfrared (NIR) and . microwave resonance (MR) sensor for at-line moisture . determination in powders and ...

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Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - Skuld

2018-06-21  One reason being that clay, an essential element of nickel ore, holds considerable moisture and naturally absorbs water. With the continuous vibration of a vessel during sea passage, cargoes that contain high moisture content and TML become unstable which may lead to a change in the cargo structure, from solid to liquid form.

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CARRIAGE OF NICKEL ORE AND IRON ORE FINES : Detailed Bulletin

2012-06-01  problems in bulk shipping due to their high moisture content. Nickel ore is mined largely in Indonesia and the Philippines. Very little processing takes place when the ore is mined: it is usually dug up, sorted for size, stored in stockpiles and then shipped. Different mining methods are used in different areas, which can lead to variations in the physical consistency and moisture content of ...

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Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on ...

2010-11-16  1. Philippine Islands: Nickel ore mine. 2. Hillside stockpile. 3. Can test of sample with moisture forming at the surface indicating that the moisture content may be too high

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Steamship Mutual - Indonesian Nickel Ore

Nickel ore is not found in a homogeneous form. Much of the material is very fine clay-like particles but there are also larger rock-like particles, some of which can be very large indeed. The material also has a relatively large moisture content of up to 30-40% by mass.

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Lessons learned: Cargo liquefaction leads to fatal bulk ...

2021-07-22  The investigation into the accident revealed that the vessel was loaded with nickel ore with moisture content in excess of the Transportable Moisture Limit, since the crew did not strictly adhere to the requirements stipulated in the IMSBC Code and the company’s instructions. As a result, cargo liquefaction and shifting occurred causing the vessel heavily listed and capsized eventually when ...

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Guide to Nickel Ore Cargo_Philippines 2020 UKPI

2020-10-12  The nickel ore trade in the Philippines is one of the busiest in the world and there are clear documented concerns as to the veracity of the loading certificates being provided the local mines “in-house” laboratories. This has been based on comparison analysis of cargo undertaken at independent laboratories. That analysis protocol being undertaken for the determination of the moisture ...

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Nickel Ore - RINA.org

Fine ore cargoes, such as nickel ore, can safely be carried, at any moisture content, on ships specifically designed or modified to the RINA criteria. Cargo sampling and testing for verifying moisture content is not necessary when cargo is loaded on ships complying with the RINA criteria. Our notations on this field are: IMSBC-A: Stability and ...

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Guidelines for the safe carriage of Nickel Ore

the moisture content (IMSBC code, appendix 2) 4. Loading criteria 4.1 The moisture content of the ore to be loaded must be less than the TML, unless carried on a specially constructed or fitted cargo ship for confining cargo shift (IMSBC code, section 7.3) 4.2 If the composition or characteristics of the cargo

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nickel ore moisture content - danisovicova.cz

Guidelines for the safe carriage of Nickel Ore. the moisture content (IMSBC code, appendix 2) 4. Loading criteria 4.1 The moisture content of the ore to be loaded must be less than the TML, unless carried on a specially constructed or fitted cargo ship for confining cargo shift (IMSBC code, section 7.3) 4.2 If the composition or characteristics of the cargo . Feature: The deadliest cargo. The ...

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Cargo - Nickel Ore

2018-09-14  The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore, due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo on passage when the moisture content is higher than the cargo’s Flow Moisture Point (FMP), are well known. Following a succession of ships being lost, with liquefaction of their nickel ore cargoes being suspected of being the root cause of the sinkings, the Club published a Notice to Members ...

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Cargo Care Checklist: Nickel Ore NEPIA

Certificate of Moisture Content (MC) – test completed within 7 days of loading date or after a period of rain ... NICKEL ORE Watch for obvious signs of flow-state ..... Do not load during rain unless expressly provided otherwise in the IMSBC Code ..... Trim in accordance with the IMSBC Code ..... Warning Beware of crane operators lowering the grab deep into the hold to reduce and hide ...

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Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on ...

2010-11-16  1. Philippine Islands: Nickel ore mine. 2. Hillside stockpile. 3. Can test of sample with moisture forming at the surface indicating that the moisture content may be too high

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Cargo Care Checklist: Nickel Ore - MaritimeCyprus

Certificate of Moisture Content (MC) – test completed within 7 days of loading date or ... content of this publication does not constitute legal advice and should not be construed as such. Members should contact North for specific advice on particular matters. ACTION TO BE TAKEN WHEN LOADING NICKEL ORE This checklist should be used in conjunction with the ship operator’s procedures for the ...

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Dry Bulk Nickel Ore, Muatan Paling Berbahaya Didunia

2019-09-03  Nickel ore is a cargo that may liquefy if the Moisture Content (MC) exceeds the Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). The point at which the cargo can begin to act like a liquid is when the Flow Moisture Point (FMP) is reached: a theoretical figure set at 90% of the FMP to create a 10% safety margin. Since 2011, the American Club have issued several Circulars and Alerts concerning

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Nickel Ore and Dangers Liquefaction

2011-08-17  However, nickel ore is acargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material reaches or exceeds its transportablemoisture limit (TML). This cargo liquefaction may then lead to a cargo shift and subsequent loss ofstability, to the extent that the vessel may capsize.As the global economy continues to emerge from recession, shipments of nickel laterite ore fromthe principal

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Guide to Nickel Ore Cargo_Philippines 2020 UKPI

2020-10-12  The nickel ore trade in the Philippines is one of the busiest in the world and there are clear documented concerns as to the veracity of the loading certificates being provided the local mines “in-house” laboratories. This has been based on comparison analysis of cargo undertaken at independent laboratories. That analysis protocol being undertaken for the determination of the moisture ...

Get Price

Carrying nickel ore: The world’s most dangerous cargo ...

2017-04-07  Nickel ore is a cargo that may liquefy if the Moisture Content (MC) exceeds the Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). The point at which the cargo can begin to act like a liquid is when the Flow Moisture Point (FMP) is reached: a theoretical

Get Price

Nickel Ore The Marine Study

2019-02-21  Description Nickel ore varies in colour. There are several types of ore of variable particle size and moisture content. Some may contain clay-like ores. For concentrates, see NICKEL CONCENTRATE. Characteristics Angle of repose Bulk density (kg/m3) Stowage factor (m3/t) Not applicable 1,400 to 1,800 0.55 to 0.71 Size Class Group Various Not

Get Price

Real-time microwave moisture measurement of nickel ore in ...

measure moisture content for nickel ore. There was a . research [7] that compared near i nfrared (NIR) and . microwave resonance (MR) sensor for at-line moisture . determination in powders and ...

Get Price

Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - Skuld

2018-06-21  One reason being that clay, an essential element of nickel ore, holds considerable moisture and naturally absorbs water. With the continuous vibration of a vessel during sea passage, cargoes that contain high moisture content and TML become unstable which may lead to a change in the cargo structure, from solid to liquid form. This would cause instability to the vessel, resulting in

Get Price

CARRIAGE OF NICKEL ORE AND IRON ORE FINES : Detailed Bulletin

2012-06-01  problems in bulk shipping due to their high moisture content. Nickel ore is mined largely in Indonesia and the Philippines. Very little processing takes place when the ore is mined: it is usually dug up, sorted for size, stored in stockpiles and then shipped. Different mining methods are used in different areas, which can lead to variations in the physical consistency and moisture content of ...

Get Price

Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on ...

2010-11-16  1. Philippine Islands: Nickel ore mine. 2. Hillside stockpile. 3. Can test of sample with moisture forming at the surface indicating that the moisture content may be too high

Get Price

Steamship Mutual - Indonesian Nickel Ore

One such trade is the shipment of unprocessed nickel ore from Indonesia and the Philippines on long ocean voyages. These ores have relatively low nickel content and have been shipped on shorter voyages to Australia and Japan for many years. The ore is simply dug out of the ground, sorted for size, stored in stockpiles and then shipped. No further processing other than "solar drying", which is ...

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Lessons learned: Cargo liquefaction leads to fatal bulk ...

2021-07-22  The investigation into the accident revealed that the vessel was loaded with nickel ore with moisture content in excess of the Transportable Moisture Limit, since the crew did not strictly adhere to the requirements stipulated in the IMSBC Code and the company’s instructions. As a result, cargo liquefaction and shifting occurred causing the vessel heavily listed and capsized eventually when ...

Get Price

Guide to Nickel Ore Cargo_Philippines 2020 UKPI

2020-10-12  The nickel ore trade in the Philippines is one of the busiest in the world and there are clear documented concerns as to the veracity of the loading certificates being provided the local mines “in-house” laboratories. This has been based on comparison analysis of cargo undertaken at independent laboratories. That analysis protocol being undertaken for the determination of the moisture ...

Get Price

Ores unprocessed - Cargo Handbook - the world's largest ...

Lateritic (nickel) ore develops by long-lasting weathering of the parent rock and particularly occurs in tropical areas with a repetition of wet and dry seasons. The majority of the world’s nickel resources are contained in these laterites and account for a large proportion of the world’s nickel production. The main areas in the world with the largest nickel laterite sources are New ...

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